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A Deployment controller provides declarative updates for Pods and ReplicaSets. You describe a desired state in a Deployment object, and the Deployment controller changes the actual state to the desired state at a controlled rate. As a Deployment runs a number of replicas of your application, it automatically replaces instances that go down or malfunction. This is how Deployments make sure app instances are available to handle user requests.

For more information, see the official documentation of Kubernetes.


You need to create a workspace, a project and a user (project-regular). The user must be invited to the project with the role of operator. For more information, see Create Workspaces, Projects, Users and Roles.

Create a Deployment

Step 1: Open the dashboard

Log in to the console as project-regular. Go to Application Workloads of a project, select Workloads, and click Create under the tab Deployments.

Step 2: Enter basic information

Specify a name for the Deployment (for example, demo-deployment), select a project, and click Next.

Step 3: Set a Pod

  1. Before you set an image, define the number of replicated Pods in Pod Replicas by clicking icon or icon, which is indicated by the .spec.replicas field in the manifest file.


    You can see the Deployment manifest file in YAML format by enabling Edit YAML in the upper-right corner. KubeSphere allows you to edit the manifest file directly to create a Deployment. Alternatively, you can follow the steps below to create a Deployment via the dashboard.
  2. Click Add Container.

  3. Enter an image name from public Docker Hub or from a private repository you specified. For example, enter nginx in the search box and press Enter.


    • Remember to press Enter on your keyboard after you enter an image name in the search box.
    • If you want to use your private image repository, you should create an Image Registry Secret first in Secrets under Configuration.
  4. Set requests and limits for CPU and memory resources based on your needs. For more information, see Resource Request and Resource Limit in Container Image Settings.

  5. Click Use Default Ports for Port Settings or you can customize Protocol, Name and Container Port.

  6. Select a policy for image pulling from the drop-down list. For more information, see Image Pull Policy in Container Image Settings.

  7. For other settings (Health Check, Start Command, Environment Variables, Container Security Context and Synchronize Host Timezone), you can configure them on the dashboard as well. For more information, see detailed explanations of these properties in Pod Settings. When you finish, click โˆš in the lower-right corner to continue.

  8. Select an update strategy from the drop-down menu. It is recommended that you choose Rolling Update. For more information, see Update Strategy.

  9. Select a Pod scheduling rule. For more information, see Pod Scheduling Rules.

  10. Click Next to continue when you finish setting the Pod.

Step 4: Mount volumes

You can add a volume directly or mount a ConfigMap or Secret. Alternatively, click Next directly to skip this step. For more information about volumes, visit Volumes.


Deployments can't use a volume template, which is used by StatefulSets.

Step 5: Configure advanced settings

You can set a policy for node scheduling and add metadata in this section. When you finish, click Create to complete the whole process of creating a Deployment.

  • Select Nodes

    Assign Pod replicas to run on specified nodes. It is specified in the field nodeSelector.

  • Add Metadata

    Additional metadata settings for resources such as Labels and Annotations.

Check Deployment Details

Details page

  1. After a Deployment is created, it will be displayed in the list. You can click icon on the right and select options from the menu to modify your Deployment.

    • Edit Information: View and edit the basic information.
    • Edit YAML: View, upload, download, or update the YAML file.
    • Re-create: Re-create the Deployment.
    • Delete: Delete the Deployment.
  2. Click the name of the Deployment and you can go to its details page.

  3. Click More to display the operations about this Deployment you can do.

    • Roll Back: Select the revision to roll back.
    • Edit Autoscaling: Autoscale the replicas according to CPU and memory usage. If both CPU and memory are specified, replicas are added or deleted if any of the conditions is met.
    • Edit Settings: Configure update strategies, containers and volumes.
    • Edit YAML: View, upload, download, or update the YAML file.
    • Re-create: Re-create this Deployment.
    • Delete: Delete the Deployment, and return to the Deployment list page.
  4. Click the Resource Status tab to view the port and Pod information of the Deployment.

    • Replica Status: Click icon or icon to increase or decrease the number of Pod replicas.

    • Pods

      • The Pod list provides detailed information of the Pod (status, node, Pod IP and resource usage).
      • You can view the container information by clicking a Pod item.
      • Click the container log icon to view output logs of the container.
      • You can view the Pod details page by clicking the Pod name.

Revision records

After the resource template of workload is changed, a new log will be generated and Pods will be rescheduled for a version update. The latest 10 versions will be saved by default. You can implement a redeployment based on the change log.


Click the Metadata tab to view the labels and annotations of the Deployment.


  1. Click the Monitoring tab to view the CPU usage, memory usage, outbound traffic, and inbound traffic of the Deployment.

  2. Click the drop-down menu in the upper-right corner to customize the time range and sampling interval.

  3. Click icon/icon in the upper-right corner to start/stop automatic data refreshing.

  4. Click icon in the upper-right corner to manually refresh the data.

Environment variables

Click the Environment Variables tab to view the environment variables of the Deployment.


Click the Events tab to view the events of the Deployment.

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